Forest Ecology is concerned with how organisms respond with one other and how they interact with the forest ecosystem. This is deemed a good field to study for those who are involved in forest conservation. This study covers the importance of the old growth and the new growth of forests, the level of invasive threat of plants and animals, and the effects of human activities on the environment. However, it requires a long period of time in order to be successful in this discipline since one needs to record the kinds of species found in the ecosystem from the previous years up to the present.
Forest ecology has biotic factors which are the living things that make up the forest ecosystem. This range from the animals to the microorganisms present in the soil. There are three types of biotic factors: producers, consumers and decomposers. Each factor contributes to the forest ecology as they interact with each another.
The producers are the factors that can make their own food through the process of photosynthesis. Example of producers is plants. On the other hand, consumers are the ones that cannot produce their food. In order to survive they need to eat other organisms. Examples of which are insects, squirrels, beavers, etc. While decomposers converts organic materials into simpler forms, making nutrients go back to the environment. Examples of decomposers are mushrooms, bacteria, and other types of insects including worms.