Cholecystectomy is defined as the surgical procedure to remove gallbladder (a muscular sac attached to the liver to stores bile).
Cholecystectomy is performed in patients who are suffering from chronic gallstones, or cholecystitis (severe gallbladder inflammation), cholangitis (inflammation of the bile duct), and gallbladder carcinoma. Today, majority of cholecystectomies are performed laparoscopically in which cameras and surgical tools are inserted through a very small incision in the skin. This procedure greatly reduces the healing time.
Open surgery is usually performed in only certain cases where seeing the site of operation is necessary. Sometimes even on scheduled laparoscopic cholecystectomy, open surgery can be performed depending on the requirements of the operation. After the completion of the surgery, patient is allowed for recover and monitored until gained complete consciousness.