What is Immigration?

An overview of immigration around the world
asked Dec 14, 2012 in Current Events by answernest

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Immigration is the movement of people from one country to another for the purpose of settling there. Every country has its own set of laws to determine who is allowed to immigrate to their country and under what circumstances they can enter. People from nearly every country move to other countries every year – over 190 million in 2005.

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The reasons to leave the country of one's birth are varied and include political instability, few job opportunities, lack of social ties, or natural disaster. Countries that receive a large number of immigrants can face difficulty integrating new arrivals into the culture, legal system, education system and economy. In many countries around the world, immigration is a hotly debated topic.

Objections that residents have from the receiving company include fear that new immigrants will take jobs away, burden healthcare and education systems, or fundamentally change the culture. Many countries welcome immigrants, though, as they bring needed skills and fresh entrepreneurial spirit. Another challenge for every country is illegal immigration. Governments are unable to manage the levels of strain on the system if they do not know who is actually in their country.
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answered Dec 14, 2012 by answernest